Remember when you had your first period? You were so scared to see blood coming out from that place between your thighs that you thought you had caught a serious disease. But as thing were explained to you, you learnt that it was your body going through these changes for a transition to womanhood. Over the years, you finally settled things with your body clock, but even now, there are times when you may have a question or two about what your are experiencing is ‘normal’ or not. Here, we have laid out a few points regarding what constitutes a normal thing to happen when you are having your periods.

1. Is it normal to see brown blood on your pad?
In most cases, brown blood during periods is normal. However, the color and consistency of blood can change throughout one’s menstrual cycle. Brown blood is usually present toward the end of one’s cycle. As your body sheds the uterine lining in the first few days of your cycle, the blood is normally red. However, near the end of one’s cycle, the discharged blood is older and can be discolored. In some cases, brown, bloody discharge accompanied by other symptoms can indicate a problem.

2. What constitutes a normal menstrual cycle?
The menstrual cycle, which is counted from the first day of one period to the first day of the next, is not the same for every woman. One’s period may occur every 21 to 35 days and last from anywhere between 2 to 7 days. During the first few years after menstruation begins, long cycles are common. However, menstrual cycles tend to shorten and become more regular as you age.

3. Is it normal for the breasts to feel tender before the start of your cycle?
Premenstrual breast swelling and tenderness, or cyclical mastalgia, is a common concern among women. This is caused due to fluctuating levels of estrogen and progesterone, both hormones, which causes the breasts to feel sore.

4. Is it normal to have irregular periods?
Many women have irregular cycles. This may be the result of a variety of factors like pregnancy or breast-feeding. A missed period can be an early sign of pregnancy whereas breast-feeding typically delays the return of menstruation after pregnancy. Other factors may include eating disorders, extreme weight loss or excessive exercising. In many cases, women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may have irregular periods. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus, which can cause heavy menstrual bleeding and prolonged periods.

5. Can I get pregnant during my period?
Intercourse during periods is not full-proof if you want to avoid getting pregnant. This can happen to women who have a shorter cycle and when they have intercourse during their periods, it means that they begin ovulating earlier and in this scenario, if they have intercourse towards the end of their bleeding, they could conceive due to the early ovulation.

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